During the installation process, all appeared good. However, the Exchange Management Console and Exchange Management Shell were unable to connect locally on the new server. They tried to connect locally, timed out, and then connected to another Exchange 2010 server.
The following errors were in the event logs:
Event ID 5139
A listener channel for protocol 'http' in worker process '1028' serving application pool 'MSExchangePowerShellAppPool' reported a listener channel failure. The data field contains the error number.
Event ID 2280The source of this error turned out to be a line in the Windows\System32\inetsrv\config\applicationHost.config file. This line contains the path D:\Microsoft\Exchange Server\V14\Bin\kerbauth.dll when in fact is should have been C:\Microsoft\Exchange Server\V14\Bin\kerbauth.dll. After further investigation, it appeared that the original install of Exchange was done to the D: drive rather than the C: drive and that the change on the second install cause the error.
The Module DLL D:\Microsoft\Exchange Server\V14\Bin\kerbauth.dll failed to load. The data is the error.
The line that needed to be modified was:
<add name="kerbauth" image="D:\Exchange Server\V14\Bin\kerbauth.dll" />
After the change to the C: path, all was good.